T4 (Threatened Species and Genetic Diversity): How to Use GEF Funding
This page aims to provide information regarding management actions to halt human induced extinction of known threatened species and for the recovery and conservation of species, in particular threatened species, to significantly reduce extinction risk, as well as to maintain and restore the genetic diversity within and between populations of native, wild and domesticated species to maintain their adaptive potential, for recipient Parties and relevant stakeholders, including how to access funding of the Global Environment Facility in this regard. It is a work in progress and will be updated as necessary.
Species continue to move, on average, closer to extinction. However, the number of extinctions of birds and mammals would likely have been at least two to four times higher without conservation actions over the past decade. Among well-assessed taxonomic groups, nearly one quarter (23.7%) of species are threatened with extinction unless the drivers of biodiversity loss are drastically reduced, with an estimated total of one million threatened species across all groups. Vertebrate species populations have fallen, on average, by more than two-thirds since 1970, and by nearly one-third since 2010. Reported actions included: Documenting and monitoring the status of threatened species, and expanding monitoring systems; Development and implementation of species-specific recovery programmes, typically in relation to keystone or culturally-important species; Efforts related to ecosystem restoration, community-based conservation, and breeding programmes; Involvement with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Genetic diversity of cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals, and wild relatives, continues to be eroded. The wild relatives of important food crops are poorly represented in ex situ seed banks that help guarantee their conservation, important for future food security. The proportion of livestock breeds that are at risk or extinct is increasing, although at a slower rate than in earlier years, suggesting some progress in preventing the decline of traditional breeds. Wild relatives of farmed birds and mammals are moving closer to extinction. Reported actions included: Creation and further development of gene banks, botanic gardens, germplasm plots, breeding facilities and research universities; Actions to preserve animal breeds through breeding facilities; Protection associated with national heritage recognition; Incentivizing farmers to maintain local breeds; Action to conserve valuable crop species, including those used in medicines; Action to reintroduce neglected crops; Training to farmers on issues associated with commercialization, development, and food security.
Financial support of the Global Environment Facility
GEF-financed projects related to threatened species and genetic resources
- Wildlife Conservation for Development
- Amazon, Congo, and Critical Forest Biomes
- BDFA: Objective One