Business collaboration in achieving the goals of the Convention of Biological Diversity
The need to engage businesses in achieving the objectives of the Convention was recognized by the Conference of the Parties at its eighth meeting, in Curitiba, Brazil, in 2006. Its related decision VIII/17
foresaw the participation of businesses in various biodiversity meetings and their involvement in the development and implementation of national and international biodiversity strategies and action plans. The CBD Secretariat has since actively promoted the engagement of business and industry in the implementation of the Convention. (See Activities below
Subsequent decisions were taken to establish the conditions that facilitate private sector engagement and encourage businesses to “adopt practices and strategies that contribute to achieving the goals and objectives of the Convention and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets”
. This includes decisions:
- To support the measurement and reporting of business impacts and dependencies with regards to biodiversity. With appropriate monitoring, assessment and reporting, businesses are better positioned to develop and apply process and production methods that minimize or avoid negative impacts on biodiversity and track implementation. (COP 10 Decision X/21 paragraphs 1 and 2).COP 11 (Decision XI/7 paragraphs 3 and 4) further encouraged businesses to incorporate their supply chain and take into account national priorities and conditions when conducting various biodiversity assessment. COP 11 also encouraged businesses to formalize biodiversity reporting in their annual reports.(Decision XI/7 paragraphs 4) and, recognizing that gaps still exist with regard to reporting on business activities that impacts on biodiversity, COP 12 (Decision XII/10 paragraphs 3), established a work stream to further advance of this topic.
- To build the business case for biodiversity and to encourage businesses to integrate biodiversity into their practice and strategies and to share these practices and lessons with other stakeholders. Decision X/21 encouraged businesses to survey, share and adopt available best practice within their relevant industries including with small and medium enterprises, and invited businesses to align investments, management and procurement policies with the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystem services.
- To support the establishment of the Global Partnership for Business and Biodiversity and other public/private partnerships. The Global Partnership is a means to facilitate dialogue resource mobilization, and capacity-building among stakeholders by providing a platform to compile and distribute information on best practice, case studies and tools (see Decisions X/21, paragraphs 1, 2 and 3, and XI/7, paragraph 1, 4 and 5) To further promote business involvement in the development, revision and implementation of national and international biodiversity strategies and action plans, Decision XI/7 and Decision XII/10 also invited parties, in consultation with the civil society, to foster public and private partnerships.
- COP-13 further addressed the need to strengthen the mainstreaming of biodiversity in the business sector and encouraged businesses to utilize various market-based and non-market-based tools, as well as partnership initiatives, to strengthen biodiversity consideration in business operations and promote behavioral change.
For more information on previous COP Decisions, please visit: CBD COP Decisions
The business programme undertakes additional activities, often in cooperation with partners. These collaborations are important in helping to raise awareness and encourage the mainstreaming of biodiversity and ecosystem management into businesses. Specifically, some of the main activities include: