Japan Biodiversity Fund

About the Japan Biodiversity Fund 

Phase One

The Government of Japan contributed approximately sixty million USD (5 billion Japanese yen) to the first phase of the Japan Biodiversity Fund (JBF), which has facilitated, funded, and supported a wide array of activities implemented by the Secretariat of the Convention, by Parties, and by external partners. 

With the adoption of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and establishment of the fund, the General Assembly declared the period of 2011-2020 the decade for biodiversity (UNDB). As the President of COP10, there was a strong impetus from Japan to link the activities of the JBF with UNDB and thus, support the implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. 

Major activities supported by the JBF in Phase one:

  • Technical support for NBSAP development, revision, and implementation by developing countries by means of:
    • Regional and sub-regional capacity building/development workshops;
    • On-the-ground pilot projects to implement prioritized elements of revised NBSAPs and develop capacities at the national and international levels; and
    • Establishment of the Voluntary Peer Review process to improve the individual and collective capacities of Parties more effective implementation of NBSAPs.
  • Capacity building projects under the following thematic programmes:
  • Biodiversity and Health
  • Business and Biodiversity
  • Capacity Building for Implementation of Regional Assessments
  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
  • CBD Website Translations
  • Clearing House Mechanism
  • Climate Change and Biodiversity
  • Decision Tracking
  • Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Forest Biodiversity
  • Gender and Biodiversity
  • Global Taxonomy Initiative
  • Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities and Traditional Knowledge
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Island Biodiversity
  • Legal Preparedness
  • Mainstreaming Poverty Eradication
  • Marine Biodiversity
  • Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing
  • National Ecosystem Assessments
  • Plant Conservation
  • Protected Areas
  • Resource Mobilization
  • Sub-national Implementation
  • Technology Transfer
  • United Nations Decade on Biodiversity
  • Youth
  • Community Development and Knowledge Management for the Satoyama Initiative (COMDEKS) with UNDP

Phase Two 

The Ministry of the Environment of Japan pledged an additional $17 million USD for the second phase of the JBF during the COP 15.1. Phase 2 of the JBF was launched at the second part of COP15, held in Montreal, Canada in December 2022 to bridge the gap between the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2010-2020 and the landmark Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF), adopted at COP 15. 

In its second phase, the JBF will support developing country Parties to implement the Kunming-Montreal GBF and its targets as well as strengthen their overall capacity to implement the Convention and its Protocols. The initial focus will be to support NBSAP revisions, national target setting and the identification of priority capacity needs through a series of regional/subregional NBSAP dialogues.  The JBF will also support a series of thematic capacity development projects implemented by the Secretariat and its partners.