Country Profiles

Eswatini - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
Target 1 By 2022, more than 70% of Swaziland Nationals will be cognizant of biodiversity and ecosystems, their value and the steps they can take to conserve and use these sustainably. A
Target 2 By 2022, biodiversity values have been integrated into all national, regional, municipal and rural development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes, and are being incorporated into accounting and reporting systems. A
Target 3 By 2020, positive incentives that benefit biodiversity are encouraged, while harmful incentives, including subsidies, are eliminated or reformed. A
Target 4 By 2022, the Government of Swaziland, municipalities, businesses, local communities and stakeholders at all levels have developed and are implementing plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits. A
Target 5 By 2022, the rate of loss, degradation and fragmentation of all Swaziland’s natural habitats is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero. B
Target 6 By 2022 all of Swaziland’s aquatic resources are sustainably managed. B
Target 7 By 2022, all areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of Swaziland’s biodiversity. B
Target 8 By 2022, Pollution in Swaziland has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and Biodiversity. B
Target 9 By 2022, invasive species that are alien to Swaziland and their pathways are identified and prioritized; priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment. B
Target 10 By 2022 pressures on Swaziland’s vulnerable and most valuable ecosystems such as (Savannah woodland Mosaic forests and wetlands) are identified and prioritized; priority pressures are controlled or eradicated. B
Target 11 By 2022, at least 10 per cent of Swaziland’s land area, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, protected landscapes and multiple resource use areas are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas. C
Target 12 By 2022, the extinction of species known to be threatened in Swaziland has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those that are endemic and those most in decline, has been improved and sustained. C
Target 13 By 2022, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants, farmed and domesticated animals and their wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, in Swaziland, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity. C
Target 14 By 2022, the capacity of ecosystems to deliver essential services and support the livelihood of the people of Swaziland is maintained. D
Target 15 By 2022, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced in Swaziland, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification. D
Target 16 By 2016, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and by 2022 fully operational and consistent with national legislation. D
Target 17 By 2016, Swaziland has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan. E
Target 18 By 2022, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of local Swazi communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and their customary use of biological resources, are documented, recognized and promoted. E
Target 19 By 2022, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied in Swaziland. E
Target 20 By 2020 the NBSAP is fully integrated in the government and relevant implementing institutions’ budgeting systems and other sources of funding are mobilized. E