Country Profiles

Rwanda - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
Target 1 By 2020, at the latest, Rwandan people are aware of the values of biodiversity and ecosystems services as well as apprehend the steps for use and conserve them sustainably. 1
Target 2 By 2020, the values of biodiversity and ecosystems’ services have been integrated into planning processes, poverty reduction strategy and into national economy. 2
Target 3 By 2020, at the latest, positive incentives for biodiversity conservation and sustainability towards local communities’ development are boosted and applied. Harmful incentives are eliminated. 3
Target 4 By 2020, public and private sectors and civil society have promoted and implemented plans that consider ecosystem carrying capacity. 4
Target 5 By 2020, natural ecosystems, especially identified “Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE)” sites are safeguarded, their degradation and fragmentation reduced. 5
Target 6 By 2020, fishing and aquaculture, agriculture and forestry are managed sustainably, legally and taking into consideration ecosystem specificities to ensure biodiversity conservation. 6, 7
Target 7 By 2020, environmental pollutants including those from excess nutrients are controlled and their harm has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity. 8
Target 8 By 2020, invasive alien species, their pathways, spatial distribution are identified. Harmful species are controlled or eradicated, and related mitigation measures are put in place. 9
Target 9 By 2020, at least 10,3 per cent of land area is protected to maintain biological diversity. 11
Target 10 By 2020, the extinction of threatened species are prevented and their conservation status improved, particularly for those that are most endangered of extinction. 12
Target 11 By 2020, the genetic diversity of local animal breeds and landraces as well as their wild relatives are conserved, thus in order minimizing genetic erosion. 13
Target 12 By 2020, the potential risks resulting from biotechnology use and placement on the market of its products have been minimized and/or eliminated.
Target 13 By 2020, all ecosystems that provide essential services to human well-being and contribute to health as well as livelihoods are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of local communities especially the vulnerable groups. 14
Target 14 By 2020, 30% of the country is covered by forests hence increasing carbon stocks and contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation. 15
Target 15 By 2017, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is integrated into national legislation and administrative practices and enforced. 16
Target 16 By 2016, Rwanda has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan (NBSAP). 17
Target 17 By 2020, values of traditional knowledge, cultural heritage and practices of local communities relevant for sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity are enhanced, fully integrated into national policy and legal framework and reflected in the implementation of the NBSAP. 18
Target 18 By 2020, knowledge in biodiversity status, values, causes and consequences of biodiversity loss, is enhanced, shared across the country and reflected in the implementation of the NBSAP. 19
Target 19 By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for an effective implementation of NBSAP from all potential sources, and in accordance with agreed process in the strategy for resource mobilization, is reinforced and reach an appreciable level. 20