Biodiversity mainstreaming is generally understood as ensuring that biodiversity, and the services it provides, are appropriately and adequately factored into policies and practices that rely and have an impact on it. The Convention text itself contains several relevant provisions such as the second and third objectives of the Convention on the sustainable use of biodiversity and its components, and on the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources for example.
In December 2022 Parties to the Convention of the Biological Diversity adopted the Kunming Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework
. This historic Framework, which supports the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and builds on the Convention’s previous Strategic Plans, sets out an ambitious pathway to reach the global vision of a world living in harmony with nature by 2050. Among the Framework’s key elements are 4 goals for 2050 and 23 targets for 2030.
Targets 14 to 23 cover the tools and solutions for implementation and mainstreaming, including full integration of biodiversity values across government; assessment and disclosure of impacts and dependencies on biodiversity by businesses; promotion of sustainable consumption; quantified targets for resource mobilization; enhanced mechanisms and resources for implementation; and specific targets to ensure the equitable, inclusive and gender responsiveness.
The Long-Term Strategic Approach to Mainstreaming
At the fourteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 14), a long-term strategic approach to mainstreaming (LTAM) was established. Parties to the Convention and numerous stakeholders have already undertaken significant efforts and made progress in mainstreaming biodiversity but recognize the importance to make further progress, namely to have the mainstreaming of biodiversity implemented by governments, the private sector, indigenous peoples and local communities, and other major groups and stakeholders in a whole of society approach.
To facilitate this LTAM, the Parties decided (decision 14/3) to “establish an Informal Advisory Group on Mainstreaming of Biodiversity, to advise the Executive Secretary and the Bureau on further development of the proposal for a long-term approach to mainstreaming biodiversity. This Group was established with nominated individuals representing 15 Parties and 15 Organizations. To complement the work of the IAG, an open Extended Consultative Network (ECN) was created in order to capture inputs from as many relevant stakeholders.
At COP15 Parties decided (decision 15/17)
to invite governments, international organizations and relevant stakeholders to submit further views on the draft LTAM and associated Action Plan and to identify ways forward to support implementation of the Kunming-Montreal global Biodiversity Framework. Deadline for submissions ends in April 30.
Submissions for notification 2023-028: Call for Submissions: Long-term strategic approach to mainstreaming biodiversity within and across sector
Notification 2022 (old):
Submissions for notification 2022-025: SBI 3 agenda item 11: Mainstreaming of biodiversity within and across sectors and other strategic actions to enhance implementation of the Long-Term Strategic Approach to Mainstreaming
Informal Advisory Group (IAG) and Extended Consultative Network (ECN) on Mainstreaming of Biodiversity