Country Profiles

Solomon Islands - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
Milestone By 2015, Solomon Islands has reviewed, updated and reaffirmed its commitment to the NBSAP as its biodiversity policy and has already implementing 25% of the stated action points. 17
Strategic Goal A Addressing the underlying causes of the loss of biodiversity by effectively and efficiently delivering of our mandates and developing of incentives and subsidies to improve and enhance biodiversity management.
Target 1 By 2020, the people of Solomon Islands are aware of the value of biodiversity, and have taken the necessary steps for conserving, sustainable using, and sharing of benefits derived from biodiversity, equitably, within the scope of the NBSAP objective, and other concurrent policy objectives. 1, 2
Target 2 By 2020, existing environmental laws, regulations, policies, management plans and action plans have been effectively implemented, with special attention towards the effective implementation of those provisions for supporting of incentives and subsidies for biodiversity managements. 3, 4
Target 3 By 2020, the Solomon Islands, has developed and adopted a sustainable finance plan and its relevant mechanisms, to mobilize resources for the effective implementation of the NBSAP’s objectives, in concurrent to the NDS 2011-2020, and other applicable environmental laws and policies. 2, 3, 20
Target 4 By 2020, researches, encompassing traditional knowledge, science, social science, and economic investigations have been raised, while encouraging the transferring of relevant biodiversity technology such as Geography Information System (GIS), thereby enable Solomon islanders understand and appreciate, biodiversity values, functions, status, threats and the consequences of their loss, and have taken necessary steps to manage and mitigate threats accordingly. 4, 18, 20
Strategic Goal B Reduce the direct and indirect pressures on biodiversity through ecosystem based management approach.
Target 5 By 2020, the Solomon Islands has reinforced and reaffirmed its commitment, reciprocally to the regional and sub-regional offshore fisheries strategies and plans, particularly in effort to sustainably manage tuna, reducing of tuna by catch and instigating of incentives and subsidies to increase economic benefit/return from tuna development. 3, 6
Target 6 By 2020, coastal harvestable fish, mammals, reptiles and invertebrates, for commercial or subsistent uses, are harvested sustainably within the current legal and management instruments, while drawing special attentions on protecting threatened species, and restoring of vulnerable ecosystems. 6, 10, 12
Target 7 By 2020, the genetic diversity of native cultivated plants, domesticated animals and their wild relatives, and or any socioeconomical and culturally valuable species’ population are maintained or increased. 7, 13
Target 8 By 2020, the current deforestation rate of native forest by industrial logging and agricultural development have been reduced by 50%, restored 15% of fragmented logged areas and protect 10 % of the remaining virgin forests thereby able to enhance the Solomon islands forest ecology. 5, 10, 15
Target 9 By 2020, wastes; solid waste, non-biodegradable waste and highly toxic waste, including excess nutrients has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem functions and human health. 8
Target 10 By 2020, invasive alien species and their pathways have been identified, and, measures are in place to control the potential entry of invasive species and developed and adopted an implementation plan to control or eradicate current invasive species that are threatening food security, trade and people’s health. 9
Target 11 By 2020, 50 % of the biodiversity management intervention priority areas in the NAPA and the Climate Change policy are under effective implementation, and a mitigation action plan is developed and adopted and , been integrated with infrastructure development and disaster risk management. 10, 15
Strategic Goal C Enhancing and promoting of protection and restoration of biodiversity to safeguard ecosystems, native species and genetic diversity.
Target 12 By 2020, at least 10 percent of the terrestrial and inland water, and 15 percent of coastal and marine areas of the Solomon Islands are protected and managed effectively, enabling an ecological, representative and well-connected system of protected area, and have been integrated into the wider island and seascape management initiatives. 11
Target 13 By 2020 the Solomon islands has reaffirmed and enhanced its commitments towards the reducing and managing of known globally endangered species, and prevented endemic species from undergoing local extinction; and has reinforced its commitments towards the global and regional efforts to prevent extinction of migratory threatened. 12
Target 14 By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, particularly services related to water, its contribution to human health, livelihood and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, land owners, local communities, and the poor and vulnerable. 14, 15
Strategic Goal D Enhancing the equitable sharing of benefits derived from biodiversity, and safeguarding traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity uses for the benefit of all.
Target 15 By 2020, the Solomon Island has acceded to the Nagoya protocol and has developed and adopted a corresponding action plan and has undertaken the necessary steps to develop and adopt relevant national legal instruments and implemented effectively.