Country Profiles

Maldives - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
Strategy 1 - Strengthen governance, policies and strategies for biodiversity
Target 1 By 2020, governance on biodiversity conservation is strengthened at local and national level.
Target 2 By 2020, enforcement of laws and regulations on biodiversity are strengthened.
Target 3 By 2025, mainstream biodiversity into island, atoll, sectoral and national plans.
Target 4 By 2025, government, businesses and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.
Strategy 2: Enhancing communication and outreach through awareness programmes and capacity building
Target 1 By 2025, people are aware of the value of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
Target 2 By 2025, parliamentarians, judiciary, elected officials and decision makers across government are aware of the significance of including biodiversity conservation in all developmental, social and economic policies, strategies, plans, laws and regulations.
Target 3 By 2020, law enforcement officials are aware of the national laws, regulations and international obligations of Maldives and enforce them to conserve biodiversity.
Target 4 By 2025, the capacity of people including community, CBOs, NGOs, media and different government bodies to manage knowledge and to participate in biodiversity planning is increased.
Strategy 3: Work together globally for biodiversity conservation
Target 1 By 2018, international trade of endangered species of wild fauna and flora are regulated.
Target 2 By 2018, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety is implemented in Maldives.
Target 3 By 2022, fair and equitable access to genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from them are regulated.
Target 4 By 2025, invasive alien species pathways are identified and priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
Strategy 4: Ensure sustainable use of biological resources
Target 1 By 2020, all major fishery, including aquaculture and mariculture are managed and harvested sustainably.
Target 2 By 2017, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticide, and excess nutrient management are sustainably managed.
Target 3 By 2017, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimise or avoid negative impacts.
Target 4 By 2020, at the latest, positive incentives for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied.
Strategy 5: Address threats to conserve biodiversity
Target 1 By 2025, pressures on coral reefs and other vulnerable ecosystems due to anthropogenic activities and climate change are minimised.
Target 2 By 2025, at least 10% of coral reef area, 20% of wetlands and mangroves and at least one sand bank and one uninhabited island from each atoll are under some form of protection and management.
Target 3 By 2025, impacted ecosystems that provide essential services related to water, human health, wellbeing and livelihood are restored significantly.
Target 4 By 2025, rate of loss of all natural habitats are identified and where rate of loss is high, the rate of loss is at least halved or where feasible, brought close to zero.
Target 5 By 2020, prevent extinction of locally known threatened species.
Target 6 By 2018, illegal trade of locally protected species is eliminated.
Target 7 By 2020, pollution from waste and sewage has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem functions and biodiversity.
Strategy 6 - Strengthen Information Management and Resource Mobilisation
Target 1 By 2025, genetic diversity of cultivated and traditionally used medicinal plants and animals including socio-economically and culturally valuable species and their associated traditional knowledge is maintained to prevent genetic erosion and safeguard their diversity.
Target 2 By 2025, national data system on the status of key ecosystems, species and genetic diversity are in place and science based technologies related to biodiversity are improved, shared and transferred.
Target 3 By 2025, innovative financing mechanisms for biodiversity conservation are established.