|Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
|National Target 1
|By 2021, Jamaicans are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to
conserve and use it sustainably.
|National Target 2
|By 2021, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local
development and poverty reduction and planning processes are being incorporated into national
accounting as appropriate, and reporting systems.
|National Target 3
|By 2021, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated,
phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for
the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in
harmony with the Convention and other relevant obligations, taking into account national
|National Target 4
|By 2021, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to
achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept
the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.
|National Target 5
|By 2021, at the latest, the rate of loss of natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and
where feasible, brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
|National Target 6
|By 2021, all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem-based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.
|National Target 7
|By 2021, areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring
conservation of biodiversity.
|National Target 8
|By 2021, pollution, including from excess nutrients and solid waste, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
|National Target 9
|By 2021, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
|National Target 10
|By 2021, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
|National Target 11
|By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.
|National Target 12
|By 2021, the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.
|National Target 13
|By 2021, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of
wild relatives, including other socioeconomically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
|National Target 14
|By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, and local communities and the poor and vulnerable.
|National Target 15
|By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks have been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, hereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.
|National Target 16
|By 2020, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational consistent with national legislation.
|National Target 17
|By 2019, each party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
|National Target 18
|By 2021, the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and their customary use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention with the full and effective participation of local communities, at all relevant levels.
|National Target 19
|By 2020, the knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status, and trends, the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and
transferred and applied.
|National Target 20
|By 2019, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2016–2021 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.