Country Profiles

Ghana - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
Action Plan 1 Create public awareness of the values of biodiversity to promote conservation, restoration and sustainably usage (Aichi Target 1) 1
Action Plan 2 Integrate and mainstream biodiversity values into national accounts and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes with reporting systems (Aichi Target 2) 2
Action Plan 3 Incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed (Aichi Target 3) 3
Action Plan 4 Governments, business and stakeholders develop plans for sustainable production and consumption and keep the impacts on resource use within safe ecological limits. (Aichi Target 4) 4
Action Plan 5 Reducing the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, to at least half and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation significantly reduced. (Aichi Target 5) 5
Action Plan 6 All stocks managed and harvested sustainably, so that overfishing is avoided (Aichi Target 6) 6
Action Plan 7 Areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry managed sustainably, to ensure conservation of biodiversity (Aichi Target 7) 7
Action Plan 8 Minimizing pollution, including excess nutrients, to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity (Aichi Target 8) 8
Action Plan 9 Ensuring that invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment. (Aichi Target 9) 9
Action Plan 10 Minimizing the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning. (Aichi Target 10) 10
Action Plan 11 Ensuring that at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas are conserved through systems of Protected Areas (Aichi Target 11) 11
Action Plan 12 Preventing the extinction of known threatened species and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, and improving and sustaining their status (Aichi Target 12) 12
Action Plan 13 Maintaining the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives (Aichi Target 13) 13
Action Plan 14 Restoring and safeguarding ecosystems that provide essential services, including ecosystem services (Aichi Target 14) 14
Action Plan 15 Enhancing ecosystem resilience and restoration to promote the contribution of biodiversity conservation to carbon stocks and ensure restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems restoration. (Aichi Target 15) 15
Action Plan 16 Operationalising the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefits sharing (Aichi Target 16) 16
Action Plan 17 Developing and adopting a policy instrument, for the implementation of an effective, participatory and updated NBSAP (Aichi Target 17) 17
Action Plan 18 Ensuring that the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities and their customary use, are respected (Aichi Target 18) 18
Action Plan 19 Knowledge, on the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied (Aichi Target 19) 19
Action Plan 20 Mobilizing increased financial resources for effectively implementing the strategic plan for biodiversity 2016- 2020 from all sources (Aichi target 20) 20