Country Profiles

Egypt - Country Profile

The national targets (or equivalent) presented in this database are taken from the NBSAPs received since COP-10, fifth national reports or from documents submitted separately. The mapping of national targets to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the Party concerned is indicated in the last column “Related Aichi Target(s)”. All Parties are encouraged to undertake this mapping exercise and to submit this information to SCBD for incorporation in this database.

Reference Target Related Strategic Goals/Aichi Targets
National Target 1 By 2030, PAs network secured and expanded to cover 17% of total terrestrial and inland water and at least 5% of coastal and marine representative areas, especially priority sites of particular importance for biodiversity and key ecological processes, and Effective management of PAs. 11
National Target 2 By 2020, develop and implement unified Egyptian methodology for the identification and monitoring of priority of all components of biodiversity according to the international standards to ensure the maintenance or rehabilitation of 50% of our most threatened species focusing on mammals and reptiles to a favorable conservation status. 5, 6, 12
National Target 3 By 2030, National conservation and rehabilitation programmes of threatened and endemic species at risk are developed and implemented with measures to evaluate its implementation. 5, 6, 7, 12
National Target 4 By 2030, all IAS and pathways are identified and prioritized with measures in place to update and verify these pathways, with national programmes for 30% of identified pathways to control and manage IAS. 9
National Target 5 By 2020, Conservation of natural resources through the adoption of ecologically sustainable agricultural management practices. 6, 7
National Target 6 By 2018, apply CBD tools to monitor and control the impact of tourism on biodiversity, in particular in protected areas and vulnerable ecosystems. 3, 4
National Target 7 By 2020, measures, including waste management plans and law enforcement, are in place to prevent and reduce the impact of pollution and waste on ecosystems, especially on wetlands and coastal and marine areas. 8, 10
National Target 8 By 2025, negative effects of different sectoral policies (land-use planning, transport, energy, uncontrolled urbanization, etc.) on priority elements of biodiversity are minimized, and measures to correct these effects are applied through developing and implementing land use plans. 3
National Target 9 By 2021, rate of wetland loss reduced by 25% and water efficiency in irrigation improved by 50%. 6, 8, 10
National Target 10 By 2027, promote the implementation of good fishing practices in both Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea, favorable to fish protection and their habitats. 6
National Target 11 By 2020, Effective operational biosafety and ABS mechanism (measures and legislation) in place, in accordance with national laws and relevant international obligations and serving as national priorities relating to biodiversity. 13, 16
National Target 12 By 2020, to promote sustainable hunting and harvesting through adequate planning, restoration and protection of key biological resources. 5, 12
National Target 13 By 2030, Research and implement measures and strategies to strengthen local-level biodiversity resilience to desertification. 15
National Target 14 By 2025, investigate and monitor all the effects of climate change on biodiversity and ecosystem services. 15
National Target 15 By 2020, the knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared, transferred, and applied. 2, 18, 19
National Target 16 By 2020, enhancing environmental awareness of Egyptians of the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services through integrating environmental themes into university and school curricula, promoting green media, and supporting youth clubs and eco-industry. 1, 2
National Target 17 By2018, biodiversity values are promoted and integrated into national planning process and mechanisms to support their incorporation into national accounting and reporting systems to be developed. 1, 2, 17
National Target 18 By 2018, ensure that the national strategy is supported by effective legislation and institutional frameworks to improve its enforcement. 2, 17
National Target 19 By 2017, proper NBSAP and associated resource mobilization are in place, in addition to establishment of the national biodiversity committee to ensure periodic evaluation of NBSAP. 20
National Target 20 By 2020, Adequate financial resources for the effective implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 has been mobilized of from all sources, and increased substantially from the current levels. 20